Dauphin Island,Alabama's history with tropical systems
current weather
(br)=brush (ts)=Tropical Storm (bd)=Back Door,meaning coming from over land from opposite coast.Not all names are noted,also storms before 1950 were not named.Not every stat on every storm description is given.

Years within or near core
1877,1881ts,1882m,1885ts,1887ts,1889ts,1893,1894ts,1895tsbr,1900tsbr,1901,1902ts,1904tsbr,1906m,1907ts,1911,1912,1914tsbd,1916-2m,1917,1919tsbr,1923-2tsbr, 1926m,1932,
1934ts,1939ts,1944tsbr,1947ts,1950,1955tsbr,1956,1959ts,1960tsbr,1964bdxtropst,1969brm,1979m,1985m,1985tsbr,1995br,1995brm,1997,1998br,2002ts,2004m,2005-2tsbr,2005m,
2009ts,2017ts,2017br,(2018ts & 2018br not in stats)
52 times in 146yrs end of 2017




Names from list above
Baker,Irene,Flossy,Ethell,Hilda,Camille,Dora,Frederic,Elena,Juan,Erin,Opal,Danny,Georges,Hanna,Ivan,Arlene,Cindy,Katrina,Ida,Cindy,Nate,Gordon,Michael,

Tropical Storm to Hurricane ratio
TS=28, 53.85% H=24, 46.15%

Longest gap between storms
9 years 1970-1978 & 1986-1994

How often this area gets affected?
brushed or hit every 2.81 years

Average years between direct hurricane hits.(hurricane force winds for at least a few hours)
(19h)once every 7.68 years State stats
Average years between major hurricane hits.(9)
16.22years


Average MPH of hurricane hits. (based on advisories sustained winds, not gusts)
104mph

Statistically when this area should be affected next
affected in 2018

Last affected by
2018 Oct 10th Hurricane Michael passes well east while hitting Panama City with 155mph winds while moving N.E

This areas hurricane past
1877 Sept 19th 80mph from the WSW
1882 Sept 9th 115mph from the SW
1893 Oct 2nd 105mph from the S.W
1901 90mph from the SW Aug 15th
1906 press 28.84 high storm surge sept 27th 130mph winds cause heavy damage
1911 Aug 11th 80mph from the S.E
1912 Sept 13th 80mph from the south
1916 July 5th 120mph from the south
1916 Oct 18th 115mph from the SSW
1917 sept 28th 105mph from the S.W just SE of here
1926 Sept 20th,115mph from the ESE while weakening.Newspaper headline
1932 Aug 31st,a cat 1 80mph hits the area from the SE.
1950 Aug 30th Hurricane baker hits from the south with 85mph winds
1956 Sept 24th 100mph(hurdat) hurricane Flossy dumps very heavy rain here while passing to the south moving ENE
1979 sept 12th frederic hits just east with 130mph winds gusts to 145mph but due to being east frederic pulled water away from shore.moderate damage here an 11 ft surge near mainland wipes out the causeway leading to dauphin island. Damage photo | Newspaper headline
1985 hurricane Elena sept 2nd advisory winds 115mph passes 15 miles to the west area gets 100mph winds with gusts to 135mph,moderate damage.Dauphin Is.,AL 3:08 am 9/2 98 mph 122 mph --Dauphin Island, AL 5.6 Transit to debris Beach Road- bayside line, BM 4 ft. Most of Dauphin Island was inundated.Wind map
1997 July 18th,Danny hits direct from the SW with 80mph winds bar 29.06 stayed near the same area for almost 24hrs dumping nearly 37 inches of rain with sustained winds on dauphin island at 70mph(some minor roof damage)very heavy rain 2 killed.NHC Danny report
2004 ,sept 16th very early morning,Hurricane Ivan just East by 25 miles with 130mph winds moving NNE over Eastern Alabama with Ivan having a wind field approx 85 miles out.Moderate damage here with reports of tidal flooding. Ivan wind swath map | USGS surge info
2005 Aug 29th Hurricane Katrina hits western Mississippi as a cat3/4 125mph passing approx 80 west of here. Dauphin island reports heavy damage to many structures,oil rig washes onshore.Dauphin island (dpia1) - 986.1 mb at 1450 utc ,Surge dauphin island (daua1) 6.63ft at 1645 utc,gusts to 102mph .Storm tide flooding occurred on dauphin island with the west end of the island completely submerged. Damaged oil rig near shore | USGS Island after Katrina


Stat sources: NHC Track maps/hurdat2/cyclone reports | Unisys hurricane database | Hurricane research division
Text Sources:(alp)....Divine Wind Kerry Emanuel.....Florida Hurricanes & Tropical Storms John M. Williams & Iver W.Duedall.....Florida's Hurricane History Jay Barnes.....Hurricane Almanac Bryan Norcross.....hurricanecity.com (calculations) Jim Williams.....Hurricanes and the Middle Atlantic States Rick Schwartz.....Hurricane Watch Dr. Bob Sheets & Jack Williams.....Inside the Hurricane Pete Davies..... Isaac's Storm Erik Larson..... Killer Cane Robert Mykle.....Lunatic Wind William Price Fox...Miami Herald newspaper(microfilm).....Path of destruction John McQuaid & Mark Schleifstein.....Sun sentinel newspaper(microfilm).....The Major Hurricanes to affect the Bahamas Wayne Neely.....The Ship & the Storm Jim Carrier.....plus many more.............
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