Southampton, New York's history with tropical systems
current weather

(br)=brush (ts)=Tropical Storm (bd)=Back Door,meaning coming from over land from opposite coast.Not all names are noted,also storms before 1950 were not named.Not every stat on every storm description is given(since 1871).

Years near or within core winds
1872bdts,1874bdts,1877bdxts,1879br,1881tsbr,1882tsbr,1882ts,1888bdts,1888ts,1893br,1893bdtsbr,1894,1896br,1897ts,1900xts,1902xts,1903tsbr,1904xh,1908ts,1913xts,1916br,1924br,
1927br,1934ts,1936,1938m,1944,1944tsbr,1954m,1954brm,1955bdts,1958br,1960bdts,1960,1961m,1961ts,1962br,1969brm,1971ts,1972tsbr,1972tsbr,1976,1985,1991,1996bdts,1999ts,2008ts,
2011ts,2012,2013xts,2017tsbr,
51 times in 146 yrs end of 2017



Names from list above
Carol,Edna,Diane,Daisy,Brenda,Donna,Esther,Alma,Gerda,Doria,Agnes,Carrie,Belle,Gloria,Bob,Bertha,Floyd,Hanna,Irene,Sandy,Andrea,Jose,

Tropical Storm to Hurricane ratio
TS=28, 54.90% H=23, 45.10%

Longest gap between storms
9 years 1945-1953

How often Long Island gets affected?
brushed or hit every 2.86 years

Average years between direct hurricane hits.(hurricane force winds for at least a few hours)
(14h)once every 10.42 years..state stats

Average years between direct major hurricane hits.(major hurricane force winds for at least a few hours)
(3)once every 48.66 years

Average MPH of hurricane hits. (based on advisories sustained winds, not gusts)
96 mph

Statistically when long Island should be affected next
Affected in 2017

Last affected by
Affected by Tropical Storm Jose which brushed to the S.E on Sept 20th,2017 with 70mph winds.

This areas hurricane past
1894 Oct 10th 85mph from the SSW .
1904 Sept 15th a hurricane becomes extratropical with 80mph winds while passing just east moving quickly ENE.
1916 July 21st, 85mph to the east clips eastern L.I from the SSW
1936 Sept 19th just S.E by 45 miles with 90mph winds from the WSW.
1938 115mph passes 35 mles to west sept 21st caused storm surge flooding 3 miles inland as a cat 3 in central & East long island.Reports of a 40ft wall of water destroyed approx 14,000 homes,however post analysis by HRD indicates 10 to 12ft excluding wave breaks with NYC area 4 to 8ft..50 killed on Long Island with over 500 killed in states further north,.In Westhampton 150 beach homes were destroyed. In NYC ,Empire state building swayed as much as 4" with gusts to 100mph, but the strongest winds were well east of here.Pressure at Bellport 27.76,many warnings were put up too late. This system was moving at a forward speed of 40mph when it hit. | Newspaper article#1 | #2 | #3 | #4 | Maximum wind map | monument | Newspaper article southbridge evening news | best track data | more on the long island express here | video documentary | surge animation
1944 95mph (hurdat) hits east long island from the SSW on sept 14th early morning just a shade east of where the 1938 system came ashore minor damage reported weather map
1954 Aug 31st 115mph(hurdat) hurricane Carol hits Eastern long island as many homes were splintered by gusts to 130mph in August. A pressure of 960mb 28.33inch in Suffolk as the hurricane approached at 47mph NNE. A storm surge of 6.1 ft was observed. Recon mission was flown just hours before landfall. A gust of 135mph recorded on block island. Newspaper article | Carol headlines #2 | Maximum wind map | weather map | more on Carol here
1954 Sept 11th,Hurricane Edna pases just east of the east tip of L.I with 95mph winds
1960 sept 12th Donna hits central/east over Southampton long island from the SSW with 100mph gusts to 125mph, sustained at 100mph on eastern end Newpaper Headline | weather map | more here
1961 Sept 21st, Hurricane Esther passes just S.E by 63 miles with 125mph winds from the SSW. Hurricane force wind field hits eastern Long Island for several hours as it moves away..
1976 Belle hits Aug 10th, 37 miles to west peak gust 95mph system was weakening 24 hrs prior to landfall with a forward speed of up to 25mph est 75mph at landfall. weather map
1985 Sept 27th,hurricane Gloria hits as a cat 1 40 miles west of here with 85mph winds but fast forward speed gives area gusts to 115mph area reported many pre mature births due to low pressure.Being low tide at landfall may have saved many lives.(moderate damage)Newspaper article #1 | #2 | #3 | #4 | #5 | more on Hurricane Gloria here
1991 Aug 19th hurricane Bob clips the east end of L.I with 95mph winds Bob also dumped heavy rain as area n.e of here suffered the worst damage up to 1.5 billion dollars in damage.killing 18, more on Hurricane Bob here
2012 Oct 29th very large Hurricane Sandy hits while becoming post tropical with winds around 80mph approx 150 miles to the SSW. Great Gull Islan d, New York, between Long Island and Fishers Island, measured a 1-min mean wind of 65 kt at an elevation of 18 m at 2035 UTC 29 October. The strongest observed peak wind gust ( 83 kt) from a reliable station was measured at Eatonís Neck by a WeatherFlow site at 24 m el evation along the northern shore of Long Island, at 2210 UTC 29 October. Area hit very hard especially from storm surge with worst damage on Staten Island where 48 in NY were killed as of Nov 3rd. Estimates are that Sandy will be a 50 billion dollar disaster second only behind Hurricane Katrina. Seven subways flooded in NY, report surge up to 14 ft in some locations,8 Million without power at one point.Breezy Point neighborhood of Queens, New York, more than 100 homes were destroyed in a fire during and after Hurricane .Bellevue Hospital in Manhattan evacuated its 700 patients because the pumps that supply oil to the generators are in the basement under 8 feet of water. Around 100,000 homes on Long Island were severely damaged or destroyed, primarily by storm surge and waves, with more than 2,000 homes deemed uninhabitable. Islip reported gust to 88mph, New York-Kennedy gust to 84mph, New York-Laguardia 74mph,Long Beach 82mph,Staten Island P.S. 32 Gifford 74mph,Breezy Point - Queens 78mph,Kings Point storm surge 12.65ft Sandy model history | Sandy best models | Sandy visible satellite movie | Sandy wind analysis from HRD | Long Isl tree damage | Long Isl flooding | Hurricane warning show | Sandy caught on film | PBS documentary Hurricane Sandy | Long Beach LI 19 days after sandy | post NHC | USGS surge info



Stat sources: NHC Track maps/hurdat2/cyclone reports | Unisys hurricane database | Hurricane research division
Text Sources:(alp)....Divine Wind Kerry Emanuel.....Florida Hurricanes & Tropical Storms John M. Williams & Iver W.Duedall.....Florida's Hurricane History Jay Barnes.....Hurricane Almanac Bryan Norcross.....hurricanecity.com (calculations) Jim Williams.....Hurricanes and the Middle Atlantic States Rick Schwartz.....Hurricane Watch Dr. Bob Sheets & Jack Williams.....Inside the Hurricane Pete Davies..... Isaac's Storm Erik Larson..... Killer Cane Robert Mykle.....Lunatic Wind William Price Fox...Miami Herald newspaper(microfilm).....Path of destruction John McQuaid & Mark Schleifstein.....Sun sentinel newspaper(microfilm).....The Major Hurricanes to affect the Bahamas Wayne Neely.....The Ship & the Storm Jim Carrier.....plus many more.............
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