Turks & Caicos history with tropical systems
current weather
(br)=brush (ts)=Tropical Storm (bd)=Back Door,meaning coming from over land from opposite coast.Not all names are noted,also storms before 1950 were not named.Not every stat on every storm description is given.

Years within or near core
71 times in 152yrs end of 2023

Names from list above

Tropical Storm to Hurricane ratio
TS=35, 49.30% H=36, 50.70%

Longest gap between storms
17 years 1964-1980

How often this area gets affected?
brushed or hit every 2.14 years

Average years between direct hurricane hits.(hurricane force winds for at least a few hours)
(23h)once every 6.61 years

Average years between major hurricane hits.(11)
once every 13.82 years

Average MPH of hurricane hits. (based on advisories sustained winds, not gusts)

Statistically when this area should be affected next
before the end of 2024

Last affected by
2022 Sept 20th Hurricane Fiona hits with 115mph winds while moving NNW.

This areas hurricane past
1871 Aug 23rd,a Hurricane with 105mph winds passes just north while moving WNW
1882 sept 3rd, 75mph while moving west
1888, 90mph sept 4th many killed traveled east to west
1891 Aug 21st 95mph while moving WNW just north
1893 Aug 18th 120mph while moving NW Hit map
1906 Sept 4th, 130mph just north from the ESE
1926 July 24th, 110mph from the ESE just south
1926 sept 16th, 150mph from the ESE Turks reports winds gusting to 150mph with huge boulders being slammed on beaches.Storm surge moves 3/4 of a mile inland with roofs ripped off buildings.
1928 sept 15th , 155mph winds moving WNW,18 killed in Turks & Caicos.Wayne Neely book on 1928 hurricane
1933 press 29.37 85mph,July 28th from the ese
1933 Aug 31st 80mph from the ESE,
1945 sept 14th 120mph,many roofs torn off homes press 28.84 moving wnw.Several killed
1956 Betsy Aug 13th 110mph from the S.E
1960 hurricane Donna sept 7th ,145mph just north from the east dumps 20 inches of rain in 24 hrs. more here | Gordon Dunn talks about forecasting Donna
1985, 90mph hurricane kate hits as a cat 1 on nov 18th while moving west. NHC Wallet
2004 ,Sept 1st,Hurricane Frances passes just north with 140mph winds,moderate damage.Numerous trees down.Minor roof damage to some homes along Whitby Beach. some roof damage, shingles, guttering, etc. On Providenciales, reports of two homes damaged but no one hurt or killed.There are about 10 utility poles down, but not major damage to the power. sat image at time of landfall hurricane watch net 02/00Z DURING THE PAST FEW HOURS...GRAND TURK ISLAND REPORTED A SUSTAINED WIND OF 79 MPH...125 KM/HR...AS THE EYE OF FRANCES PASSED TO THE NORTH. SOME DAMAGE TO TREES AND ROOFS HAVE BEEN ALSO BEEN REPORTED ON THE ISLAND.NHC report
2008 Sept 2nd Hurricane Hanna hits with 80mph winds while drifting S.E,minor damage reported. Official obs only showed gusts to 66mph so it was unlikely that hurricane force winds were experienced over the islands except for the western most regions. NHC report
2008 Sept 7th,Ike hits with 135mph winds just south.In South Caicos, a fishing-dependent island of 1,500 people, most homes were damaged, the airport was under water, power will be out for weeks, and every single boat was swept away despite being towed ashore for safety, Minister of Natural Resorces Piper Hanchell said.In Providenciales, there was flooding, roof damage and downed power lines but no injuries, he said.Turks and Caicos Islands (TCI) The airports in Providenciales, Grand Turk, and South Caicos were all flooded during the storm At 3:40 pm EDT on Sep 7, 2008, no casualties have been reported in the Turks and Caicos. Grand Turk suffered approximately 85% damage to housing and infrastructure of which 50% is major and reported sustained winds of 116mph.. South Caicos suffered major damage with approximately 65% of roofs blown off. Report from Middle Caicos and North Caicos indicated that there was only minor damage to roofs. There is major flooding in South Caicos due in part to previous ground saturation from Tropical Storm Hanna. North and Middle Caicos had minimal flooding of roads. In Grand Turk, roads are impassable due to fallen poles and electrical wires. Grand Turk, North, Middle, and South Caicos, and Salt Cay have lost electricity and water. While Provo has suffered some roof damage and some poles, all utilities and major infrastructure are still intact. | Ike model history
2010 Nov 6th Hurricane Tomas hits the east part of the islands with 75mph while weakening to a tropical storm moving N.E Tomas model history
2011 Aug 23rd Hurricane Irene passes just south while moving WNW with 90mph winds. Irene model history
2017 Hurricane Irma hits Sept 7th with 175mph winds while moving just south. Irma ripped off roofs on the main island, Grand Turk, flooded streets, snapped utility poles and caused a widespread black-out. Best track data | Satellite image of Hurricane Irma hitting with Jose behind | NHC report
2017 Sept 22nd Hurricane Maria passes just east with 125mph winds while moving NNW. Probabilistic tracks | Main models | NHC report
2022 Sept 20th Hurricane Fiona hits with 115mph winds while moving NNW. hit map

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Stat sources: NHC Track maps/hurdat2/cyclone reports Hurricane research division
Text Sources:(alp)....Divine Wind Kerry Emanuel.....Florida Hurricanes & Tropical Storms John M. Williams & Iver W.Duedall.....Florida's Hurricane History Jay Barnes.....Hurricane Almanac Bryan Norcross.....hurricanecity.com (calculations) Jim Williams.....Hurricanes and the Middle Atlantic States Rick Schwartz.....Hurricane Watch Dr. Bob Sheets & Jack Williams.....Inside the Hurricane Pete Davies..... Isaac's Storm Erik Larson..... Killer Cane Robert Mykle.....Lunatic Wind William Price Fox....Miami Herald newspaper(microfilm).....Path of destruction John McQuaid & Mark Schleifstein.....Sun sentinel newspaper(microfilm).....The Major Hurricanes to affect the Bahamas Wayne Neely.....The Ship & the Storm Jim Carrier.....plus many more.............
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