|Mobile,Alabama's history with tropical
(br)=brush (ts)=Tropical Storm
(bd)=Back Door,meaning coming from over land from opposite coast.Not all names
are noted,also storms before 1950 were not named.Not every stat on every storm
description is given(since 1871).
within or near core
1985ts,1995,1995brm,1997,1998br,2001bdsubts,2002ts,2004m,2005ts,2005tsbr,2005m,2009tsbr,2009ts,2017ts,2017br,2018ts,2020tsbr,2020,2020br,(2021ts not in stats)
times in 149yrs end of 2020
|Tropical Storm to Hurricane ratio |
TS=39, 59.09% H=27, 40.91%
Longest gap between storms
9 years 1970-1978 & 1986-1994
How often this area gets
brushed or hit every 2.26 years
Average years between direct hurricane hits.(hurricane force winds for a few hours)
(17h)once every 8.76 years State stats
Average years between major hurricane hits.(5)
once every 29.80 years
Average MPH of hurricane hits. (based on advisories sustained winds, not gusts)
Statistically when this area should be affected
impacted in 2021
Last affected by
2021 June 19th Tropical Storm Claudette passes to N.W by 69 miles with 40mph winds while moving NE.
This areas hurricane past
1893 Oct 2nd, 90mph from the S.W
1901 Aug 15th, 80mph from the SSW
1906 a 10 ft s.s bar 28.50 sept 27th 110mph winds from the SSE .
1911 Aug 11th, 80mph from the S.E
1912 sept14th, storm surge 4.4ft 75mph from the south
1916 July 6th,bar 28.92
s.s 11.6ft with 80mph from the south winds gusts to 106mph.7 killed & reports of heavy damage from Mobile to Pensacola,Florida.
1916 Oct 18th, 115mph from the SSW just east
1926 sept 20th,110mph from the ESE just S.W
& water was taken out of mobile bay with low of 10.9 ft below normal. Newspaper headline
1932 Sept 1st 80mph from the S.E
1950 Aug 31st,Baker a cat 1,85mph from the south..
1979 Frederic sept 12th
132 mph from the SSE heavy damage to mobile press 27.94 storm surge 12 ft. Newspaper headline | #2 | #3 | av model error
1985 Sept 2nd Hurricane Elena hits south with 120mph winds from the ESE
1995 Aug 3rd Hurricane Erin hits with 80mph winds from the S.E
1997 July 19th,Danny stalled 30 miles to south with
80mph from the WSW winds bar 29.06 26 inches of rain NHC Danny report
2004 ,sept 16th very early morning,Hurricane Ivan just East with 130mph winds moving NNE over Eastern Alabama with Ivan having a wind field approx 85 miles out.Moderate to heavy damage here from primarilly North & west winds. Ivan radar at landfall | Ivan wind swath map | USGS surge info
2005 Aug 29th,95mph from the south with 115mph winds while due west of Mobile, Hurricane Katrina passes well west but large hurricane force wind field extends into Mobile.
2020 September 16th hurricane Sally passes just east gets under western eye wall while moving N.E with 100mph winds.Radar animation(Brian McNoldy, Univ. of Miami, Rosenstiel School) | hit map | NHC report
Stat sources: NHC Track maps/hurdat2/cyclone reports Hurricane research division
Text Sources:(alp)....Divine Wind Kerry Emanuel.....Florida Hurricanes & Tropical Storms John M. Williams & Iver W.Duedall.....Florida's Hurricane History Jay Barnes.....Hurricane Almanac Bryan Norcross.....hurricanecity.com (calculations) Jim Williams.....Hurricanes and the Middle Atlantic States Rick Schwartz.....Hurricane Watch Dr. Bob Sheets & Jack Williams.....Inside the Hurricane Pete Davies..... Isaac's Storm Erik Larson..... Killer Cane Robert Mykle.....Lunatic Wind William Price Fox....Miami Herald newspaper(microfilm).....Path of destruction John McQuaid & Mark Schleifstein.....Sun sentinel newspaper(microfilm).....The Major Hurricanes to affect the Bahamas Wayne Neely.....The Ship & the Storm Jim Carrier.....plus many more.............
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