LATEST UPDATE 11/30/13 PM.....Jim Williams.....
Today marks the final day of the Atlantic Hurricane Season which began on June 1st. The basin ended up with 13 named storms and only two of those reaching hurricane status which is the fewest hurricanes in a season since 1982. Most of the basin was very lucky this year as no hurricanes made landfall with Mexico taking the brunt of the storms. The first named storm Andrea was the only system to hit the U.S in the northern Gulf as a tropical storm and Karen came close in October to hitting some of my top 5 locations. According to NHC Air Force Reserve flew 45 hurricane hunter aircraft reconnaissance missions over the Atlantic basin this season, totaling 435 hours--the fewest number of flight hours since at least 1966. I also have my end of season video commentary on the season.
Winds: <39 mph
A tropical cyclone in which the maximum sustained surface winds are 38 miles per hour (33 knots) or less. Characteristically having one or more closed isobars, it may form slowly from a tropical disturbance or an easterly wave which has continued to organize.
Winds: 39-73 mph
At this point, the system is given a name to identify and track it.Damage done to only the flimsiest lean-to type structures. Unsecured light signs blown down, minor damage to trees and bushes. Some small dead limbs, ripe coconuts, and dead palm fronds blown from trees. Some fragile and tender green leaves blown from trees.
Category 1 Hurricane
Winds: 74-95 mph
Storm surge generally 4-5 ft above normal. No real damage to building structures. Damage primarily to unanchored mobile homes, shrubbery, and trees. Some damage to poorly constructed signs. Also, some coastal road flooding and minor pier damage.
Category 2 Hurricane
Winds: 96-110 mph
Storm surge generally 6-8 feet above normal. Some roofing material, door, and window damage of buildings. Considerable damage to shrubbery and trees with some trees blown down. Considerable damage to mobile homes, poorly constructed signs, and piers. Coastal and low-lying escape routes flood 2-4 hours before arrival of the hurricane center. Small craft in unprotected anchorages break moorings.
Category 3 Hurricane
Winds: 111-129 mph
Storm surge generally 9-12 ft above normal. Some structural damage to small residences and utility buildings with a minor amount of curtainwall failures. Damage to shrubbery and trees with foliage blown off trees and large trees blown down. Mobile homes and poorly constructed signs are destroyed. Low-lying escape routes are cut by rising water 3-5 hours before arrival of the center of the hurricane. Terrain continuously lower than 5 ft above mean sea level may be flooded inland 8 miles (13 km) or more. Evacuation of low-lying residences with several blocks of the shoreline may be required.
Category 4 Hurricane
Winds: 130-156 mph
Storm surge generally 13-18 ft above normal. More extensive curtainwall failures with some complete roof structure failures on small residences. Shrubs, trees, and all signs are blown down. Complete destruction of mobile homes. Extensive damage to doors and windows. Low-lying escape routes may be cut by rising water 3-5 hours before arrival of the center of the hurricane. Major damage to lower floors of structures near the shore. Terrain lower than 10 ft above sea level may be flooded requiring massive evacuation of residential areas as far inland as 6 miles (10 km).
Category 5 Hurricane
Winds: >156 mph
Storm surge generally greater than 18 ft above normal. Complete roof failure on many residences and industrial buildings. Some complete building failures with small utility buildings blown over or away. All shrubs, trees, and signs blown down. Complete destruction of mobile homes. Severe and extensive window and door damage. Major damage to lower floors of all structures located less than 15 ft above sea level and within 500 yards of the shoreline. Massive evacuation of residential areas on low ground within 5-10 miles (8-16 km) of the shoreline may be required.
When Hurricane warnings go up, live video will be done as the worst conditions arrive . When a major Hurricane is hitting, Jim Williams will be live with special guests, radio simulcasts, video.T.V & analysis using Hurrtrak EM/PRo software, Outside of significant weather events you will see weather documentaries & storm chaser videos.
Our last four archives
Storm chaser Jim Edds was in the Phillipines filming typhoon Haiyan on November 8th,2013 and talked about it with Jay Leno on the tonight show on November 28th.
A massive tornado roared near & over parts or El Reno Oklahoma in May of 2013. Unfortunately 3 very experienced storm chasers lost their lives in this unpredictable super cell. Tim and Paul Samaras memorial service was held a week later and filmed by a local TV station aired live on the internet. We recorded most of this touching service on our ustream channel watch (45min)
Bill Phillips was streaming live on hurricanecity.tv as the Moore Oklahoma tornado moved through on May 19th,2013. He recorded several different media sources live as the massive tornado devestated the town from beginning to end. watch (1:12:00)
February 1st, 2013 weather and the media show my guest was Chris Kridler author of the book Funnel Vision. This book takes you into the heart of Tornado Alley and tells the story of tornado researcher Jack Andreas who gets invloved with Judy Hale a Kansas photographer and her sister Shannon. This book has alot of ups and downs with some real surprises and actually shocking towards the end ,definately a must read. Chris also discussed her new book called "Tornado Pinball" where a manned probe is put in the path of a tornado.