New York's history with tropical systems

current weather
(br)=brush (ts)=Tropical Storm (bd)=Back Door,meaning coming from over land from opposite coast.Not all names are noted,also storms before 1950 were not named.Not every stat on every storm description is given(since 1871).

Years near or within core winds
38 times in 150 yrs end of 2021

Names from list above

Tropical Storm to Hurricane ratio
TS=17, 44.74% H=21, 55.26%

Longest gap between storms
11 years 1905-1915

How often Long Island gets affected?
brushed or hit every 3.95 years

Average years between direct hurricane hits.(hurricane force winds for at least a few hours)
(11h)once every 13.64 years..state stats

Average years between direct major hurricane hits.(major hurricane while passing by)
(4)once every 37.5 years

Average MPH of hurricane hits. (based on advisories sustained winds, not gusts)
90 mph

Statistically when long Island should be affected next
before the end of 2024

Last affected by
2020 Aug 4th Tropical Storm Isaias comes from the south passing just west by 51 miles with 65mph winds.

This areas hurricane past
1893 Aug 24th 85mph hits N.Y city from the south causing heavy damage. It was traveling 30-36mph as it passed along this portion of the coast.30ft waves pushed boats well inland winds 80 to 90mph. Eye passed just east with city under western eyewall.Pressure 29.11 extensive damage on Coney Island. Many trees down in central park & many birds left dead. Point pleasant boardwalk demolished.
1916 July 21st, 85mph to the east clips eastern L.I from the SSW
1938 115mph (hurdat)sept 21st passes 47 miles east of city caused storm surge flooding 3 miles inland as a cat 3 in central & East long island.Reports of a 40ft wall of water destroyed approx 14,000 homes,however post analysis by HRD indicates 10 to 12ft excluding wave breaks with NYC area 4 to 8ft..50 killed on Long Island with over 500 killed in states further north,.In Westhampton 150 beach homes were destroyed. In NYC ,Empire state building swayed as much as 4" with gusts to 100mph, but the strongest winds were well east of here.Pressure at Bellport 27.76,many warnings were put up too late. This system was moving at a forward speed of 40mph when it hit. | Newspaper article#1 | #2 | #3 | #4 | Maximum wind map | monument | Newspaper article southbridge evening news | best track data | more on the long island express here | video documentary | surge animation
1944 110 mph hits central long island from the SSW on sept 15th early morning just a shade west of where the 1938 system came ashore with Minor damage reported weather map
1954 Sept 11th,Hurricane Edna pases just east of the east tip of L.I with 95mph winds
1960 sept 12th Donna hits central long island 65 miles east of NYC from the SSW with 100mph gusts to 125mph, sustained at 100mph on eastern end Newpaper Headline | weather map | more here
1976 Belle hits Aug 10th 32 miles east of NYC peak gust 95mph system was weakening 24 hrs prior to landfall with a forward speed of up to 25mph. 75mph and a 4.5ftstorm surge in battery park. weather map
1985 Sept 27th,hurricane Gloria hits as a cat one 28 miles east of NYC with 85mph winds but fast forward speed gives area gusts to 115mph shuts down NYSE area reported many pre mature births due to low pressure.Being low tide at landfall may have saved many lives.(moderate damage)Newspaper article #1 | #2 | #3 | #4 | #5 | more on Hurricane Gloria here
1991 Aug 19th hurricane Bob clips the east end of L.I with 95mph winds Bob also dumped heavy rain as area n.e of here suffered the worst damage up to 1.5 billion dollars in damage.killing 18, more on Hurricane Bob here
2011 Aug 28th , Irene impacts NYC with as a cat 1 with 75mph while weakening to 65mph causing minor coastal flooding but alot of power outages.New Yorks Central park had wettest month on record with 18.95 inches or rain.High wind gust at LaGuardia airport 67mph with high storm surge point of 4.50 ft at the battery in N.Y but averaging 3 to 6 ft on Long Isl.. Hurricane Warning Show | Irene Suffolk county flooding video | Irene model history | USGS surge info
2012 Oct 29th very large Hurricane Sandy hits while becoming post tropical with winds around 80mph approx 100 miles to the south. Great Gull Islan d, New York, between Long Island and Fishers Island, measured a 1-min mean wind of 65 kt at an elevation of 18 m at 2035 UTC 29 October. The strongest observed peak wind gust ( 83 kt) from a reliable station was measured at Eatonís Neck by a WeatherFlow site at 24 m el evation along the northern shore of Long Island, at 2210 UTC 29 October. Area hit very hard especially from storm surge with worst damage on Staten Island where 48 in NY were killed as of Nov 3rd. Estimates are that Sandy will be a 50 billion dollar disaster second only behind Hurricane Katrina. Seven subways flooded in NY, report surge up to 14 ft in some locations,8 Million without power at one point.Breezy Point neighborhood of Queens, New York, more than 100 homes were destroyed in a fire during and after Hurricane .Bellevue Hospital in Manhattan evacuated its 700 patients because the pumps that supply oil to the generators are in the basement under 8 feet of water. Around 100,000 homes on Long Island were severely damaged or destroyed, primarily by storm surge and waves, with more than 2,000 homes deemed uninhabitable. Islip reported gust to 88mph, New York-Kennedy gust to 84mph, New York-Laguardia 74mph,Long Beach 82mph,Staten Island P.S. 32 Gifford 74mph,Breezy Point - Queens 78mph,Kings Point storm surge 12.65ft complete stats & images on Sandy | Sandy model history | Sandy best models | Sandy visible satellite movie | Sandy wind analysis from HRD | Long Isl tree damage | Long Isl flooding | Hurricane warning show | Sandy caught on film | PBS documentary Hurricane Sandy | Long Beach LI 19 days after sandy | Telethon to raise funds | post NHC | USGS surge info | details from Lindenhurst

Stat sources: NHC Track maps/hurdat2/cyclone reports Hurricane research division
Text Sources:(alp)....Divine Wind Kerry Emanuel.....Florida Hurricanes & Tropical Storms John M. Williams & Iver W.Duedall.....Florida's Hurricane History Jay Barnes.....Hurricane Almanac Bryan (calculations) Jim Williams.....Hurricanes and the Middle Atlantic States Rick Schwartz.....Hurricane Watch Dr. Bob Sheets & Jack Williams.....Inside the Hurricane Pete Davies..... Isaac's Storm Erik Larson..... Killer Cane Robert Mykle.....Lunatic Wind William Price Fox....Miami Herald newspaper(microfilm).....Path of destruction John McQuaid & Mark Schleifstein.....Sun sentinel newspaper(microfilm).....The Major Hurricanes to affect the Bahamas Wayne Neely.....The Ship & the Storm Jim many more.............
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